Fearing a population boom, Chinese leaders introduced a strict one-child policy in the late 1970s. Due to official concern that a growing population would hinder economic progress, any woman found to be pregnant without permission could be dragged to a clinic for a forced abortion. Compulsory abortions and sterilizations and a skewed male-female ratio are the tragic side effects of the government's pursuit of economic success and power.
In 2016, a slowdown in population growth—coupled with an agingpopulation and fewer young workers to support them—became a new concern. So, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) transitioned the one-child policy into a two-child policy. Yet years of government propaganda promoting the patriotic duty of only having one child seems to have proven effective. When the one-child policy was lifted, couples were reluctant to have an additional child, and they remain so. China has not managed to sustain an increase in births.