The Chinese government defines absolute poverty as surviving on less than 2,300 yuan ($350) per year. Over the past 40 years, China has moved from a primarily agrarian economy into one of the world's most rapidly urbanizing countries. The rush to the cities has left rural communities with shrinking populations and fewer job opportunities. In the face of this decline, Xi's poverty alleviation policies have focused on the countryside. As part of this policy, Beijing has worked to end absolute poverty in 832 "impoverished" counties across China since at least 2014.
On Monday, state-run news agency Xinhua announced the last nine counties had been removed from the list, all of them located in southwestern Guizhou province, officially leaving no county in a state of absolute poverty countrywide.