onsdag 21. desember 2022

India v China: Is becoming the most populous country a boon or curse?

In mid-April, India is forecast to surpass China as the world's most populous country. The Asian giants already have more than 1.4 billion people each, and for over 70 years have accounted for more than a third of the global population.

China's population is likely to begin shrinking next year. Last year, 10.6 million people were born, a little more than the number of deaths, thanks to a rapid drop in fertility rate. India's fertility rate has also fallen substantially in recent decades - from 5.7 births per woman in 1950 to two births per woman today - but the rate of decline has been slower. So what does India overtaking China as the most populous country in the world mean?