Meanwhile, the Biden Administration has embraced “strategic competition” as the frame for the relationship. Based on that concept, it has sought to build a coherent approach to long-term competition by enhancing America’s vitality and its international partnerships. Many countries, especially liberal democratic states, have hardened their postures against China. This has opened new space for closer U.S.-led international coordination on China policy, much to China’s dismay. While most countries, including the U.S., seek to avoid a new “Cold War,” they are struggling to find the best ways to respond to myriad new challenges in an international order that is more fluid and unstable than before even while it remains interdependence as a key feature.