torsdag 11. november 2021

CHINA’S NEW DIRECTION: Challenges and Opportunities for U.S. Policy

The year 2021 has proven to be a major inflection point in U.S.-China relations, and especially U.S. policy toward China. As China’s domestic and foreign policies have become more autocratic at home and confrontational abroad, America and other countries are revising their strategies toward China. Externally, Xi Jinping is not only more comfortable using power to advance China’s interests, but also is expressing a vision that is increasingly antagonistic to U.S. interests. 

Meanwhile, the Biden Administration has embraced “strategic competition” as the frame for the relationship. Based on that concept, it has sought to build a coherent approach to long-term competition by enhancing America’s vitality and its international partnerships. Many countries, especially liberal democratic states, have hardened their postures against China. This has opened new space for closer U.S.-led international coordination on China policy, much to China’s dismay. While most countries, including the U.S., seek to avoid a new “Cold War,” they are struggling to find the best ways to respond to myriad new challenges in an international order that is more fluid and unstable than before even while it remains interdependence as a key feature.