They’d been dormant for a while up until mid-June of this year when a Chinese border patrol attacked Indian soldiers along the lengthy and badly demarcated China-India border in India’s Ladakh region. At least 20 Indian soldiers and an undisclosed number of Chinese were killed. China refrained from providing any details of its losses. “This episode helped in no small part to galvanize greater effort among the four QUAD countries to come together, said Collin Koh Swee Lean, a strategic analyst based in Singapore. «The most telling was India’s invitation to re-join Exercise Malabar after a hiatus since 2007,” Koh said in an email answer to questions from this commentator.
According to Koh, India had been regarded for a while as “the weakest link” within the Quad because of its desire not to provoke China.